Teeth braces are one of the most common and effective ways to correct various dental problems, such as crooked teeth, overbite, underbite, gaps, and more. Braces can improve your smile, your oral health, and your confidence. But what are the different types of braces, how do they work, and how do you take care of them? In this article, we will answer these questions and more, so you can make an informed decision about getting braces for yourself or your child.
What are teeth braces and how do they work?
Teeth braces are devices that apply gentle and constant pressure on your teeth to move them into the desired position. They consist of three main parts: brackets, wires, and bands. Brackets are small metal or ceramic pieces that are attached to each tooth. Wires are thin metal wires that connect the brackets and create the force that moves the teeth. Bands are elastic or metal rings that hold the wires in place.
Braces work by gradually changing the shape of your jawbone and the surrounding tissues. As the wires are tightened, they pull the teeth in the direction of the force. This causes the bone to dissolve on one side of the tooth and new bone to form on the other side. This process is called bone remodeling and it can take several months or years to complete.
Types of teeth braces
There are several types of braces available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common types are:
- Metal braces: These are the traditional braces that most people are familiar with. They are made of stainless steel and are the most noticeable and durable type of braces. They are also the most affordable and can treat a wide range of dental problems. However, some people may find them uncomfortable, irritating, or unattractive.
- Ceramic braces: These are similar to metal braces, but the brackets are made of tooth-colored or clear ceramic material. They are less visible than metal braces and can blend in with your natural teeth. They are also more expensive and can stain easily if not cleaned properly.
- Lingual braces: These are braces that are placed on the back of your teeth, instead of the front. They are completely hidden from view and can be a good option for people who are concerned about their appearance. However, they are also more difficult to clean, adjust, and get used to. They can also interfere with your speech and tongue movements.
- Invisalign: These are clear plastic aligners that are custom-made to fit your teeth. They are removable and can be taken out when you eat, drink, brush, or floss. They are virtually invisible and can be more comfortable and convenient than braces. However, they are also more expensive and may not be suitable for complex or severe cases. They also require more discipline and responsibility, as you have to wear them for at least 22 hours a day and change them every two weeks.
How to take care of your braces?
Taking care of your braces is very important to ensure their effectiveness and prevent any complications. Here are some tips on how to take care of your braces:
- Brush and floss regularly: You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day, especially after meals. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste to remove any food particles and plaque from your teeth and braces. You may also use an interdental brush or a floss threader to clean between your brackets and wires. Rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash after brushing and flossing.
- Avoid hard, sticky, or sugary foods: You should avoid eating foods that can damage your braces or cause tooth decay. These include hard foods like nuts, popcorn, ice, or candy, sticky foods like chewing gum, caramel, or taffy, and sugary foods like soda, juice, or cake. These foods can break your wires, loosen your brackets, or get stuck in your braces. They can also increase the risk of cavities and stains on your teeth.
- Visit your dentist and orthodontist regularly: You should visit your dentist every six months for a routine check-up and cleaning. Your dentist can monitor your oral health and detect any signs of decay, infection, or gum disease. You should also visit your orthodontist every four to eight weeks for adjustments and progress checks. Your orthodontist can tighten your wires, replace your bands, and make any necessary changes to your treatment plan.
- Wear a mouthguard: If you play any contact sports or activities that can cause injury to your mouth, you should wear a mouthguard to protect your teeth and braces. You can get a custom-made mouthguard from your dentist or orthodontist, or buy a ready-made one from a pharmacy or sports store. A mouthguard can prevent your braces from cutting your lips, cheeks, or tongue, and prevent your teeth from chipping, cracking, or knocking out.
FAQs about teeth braces
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about teeth braces:
A: The length of your treatment depends on several factors, such as the severity of your case, the type of braces you choose, and how well you follow your orthodontist’s instructions. On average, most people wear braces for about 18 to 24 months, but some may need them for longer or shorter periods.
Q: How much do braces cost in Nigeria?
A: The cost of braces varies depending on the type of braces you choose, the complexity of your case, and the location and experience of your orthodontist. In general, metal braces are the cheapest, followed by ceramic braces, lingual braces, and Invisalign. The average cost of braces in Nigeria ranges from N500,000 to N2,000,000, but it can be higher or lower depending on your individual situation.
Q: Do braces hurt?
A: Braces can cause some discomfort and soreness, especially in the first few days after getting them or after adjustments. This is normal and temporary, and it means that your braces are working. You can relieve the pain by taking over-the-counter painkillers, applying ice packs or cold water to your mouth, eating soft foods, and using dental wax or silicone to cover any sharp edges or wires.
Q: Can I eat normally with braces?
A: You can eat most foods with braces, as long as they are not hard, sticky, or sugary. You should also cut your food into small pieces and chew carefully. Some foods that you can eat with braces are soft bread, pasta, rice, soup, yogurt, cheese, eggs, fish, chicken, fruits, and vegetables. Some foods that you should avoid with braces are nuts, popcorn, ice, candy, gum, caramel, taffy, soda, juice, and cake.
Q: Can I brush my teeth normally with braces?
A: You can brush your teeth normally with braces, but you have to be more careful and thorough. You should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste, and brush your teeth at least twice a day, especially after meals. You should also floss at least once a day, using an interdental brush or a floss threader to clean between your brackets and wires. You should also rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash after brushing and flossing.
If you are looking for the best place to get braces in Nigeria, look no further than Smile 360 Dental Specialists. We guarantee that you will be satisfied with the results and the experience of getting braces with us.
So, what are you waiting for? Contact us today and book your appointment for a free consultation and assessment. We will evaluate your dental condition and recommend the best braces option for you. We will also explain the treatment process, the cost, and the payment options. We will answer any questions or concerns you may have and guide you through every step of the way.
Don’t let your smile hold you back. Get the smile you deserve with Smile 360 Dental Specialists. Call us now at +234 818 000 0000 or visit our website at www.smile360ng.com.