Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common but serious condition that affects the tissues that support and protect your teeth. It can cause inflammation, bleeding, infection, and tooth loss if left untreated. Periodontal disease can also increase your risk of other health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that live in the plaque and tartar that build up on your teeth over time. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on your teeth when you eat and drink, especially foods and beverages that contain sugar and starch. Tartar is a hard substance that forms when plaque is not removed by brushing and flossing. The bacteria in plaque and tartar produce toxins that irritate and damage your gums, causing them to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. This is the first stage of periodontal disease, called gingivitis.

If gingivitis is not treated, the bacteria can spread deeper into the spaces between your teeth and gums, called periodontal pockets. This is the second stage of periodontal disease, called periodontitis. Periodontitis can destroy the connective tissue and bone that hold your teeth in place, causing them to become loose and eventually fall out. Periodontitis can also affect your overall health, as the bacteria can enter your bloodstream and cause inflammation and infection in other parts of your body.

Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is often called a silent disease, because it may not cause any pain or discomfort until it is too late. However, there are some signs and symptoms that you should watch out for, such as:

  • Bad breath that persists even after brushing and flossing
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums that bleed when you brush or floss
  • Gums that have pulled away from your teeth, making them look longer
  • Pus or fluid between your teeth and gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in your bite or the way your teeth fit together
  • Changes in the fit of your dentures or partials

If you notice any of these signs, you should visit Smile 360 Dental Specialists as soon as possible for a comprehensive oral examination and diagnosis. The sooner you get treatment, the better your chances of saving your teeth and restoring your oral health.

How to Prevent Periodontal Disease?

The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene at home and visit Smile 360 Dental Specialists regularly for professional cleaning and check-ups. Here are some tips to keep your teeth and gums healthy and strong:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, making sure to clean all surfaces of your teeth and along the gum line
  • Floss your teeth at least once a day, preferably before bedtime, to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and under your gums
  • Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash after brushing and flossing to kill bacteria and freshen your breath
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco products, as they can stain your teeth, damage your gums, and increase your risk of periodontal disease and oral cancer
  • Eat a balanced diet that is rich in vitamins and minerals, and limit your intake of sugary and acidic foods and drinks that can erode your enamel and cause cavities
  • Drink plenty of water to keep your mouth hydrated and wash away food debris and bacteria

Periodontal Treatment Options?

If you have periodontal disease, Smile 360 Dental Specialists can provide you with the most advanced and effective treatment options to stop the infection, repair the damage, and restore your smile. Depending on the severity of your condition, we may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line, and smoothing the root surfaces of your teeth to help your gums reattach to them
  • Antibiotics: These are medications that can be taken orally or applied directly to the infected areas to kill the bacteria and reduce the inflammation and infection
  • Laser therapy: This is a minimally invasive technique that uses a special laser to remove diseased tissue, sterilize the periodontal pockets, and stimulate the healing and regeneration of healthy tissue
  • Gum grafting: This is a surgical procedure that involves taking a piece of tissue from another part of your mouth or a donor source and attaching it to the areas where your gums have receded, to cover the exposed roots and improve the appearance and function of your teeth
  • Bone grafting: This is a surgical procedure that involves taking a piece of bone from another part of your body or a synthetic material and placing it in the areas where your bone has been lost, to stimulate the growth of new bone and support your teeth
  • Dental implants: These are artificial tooth roots that are surgically inserted into your jawbone and topped with a crown, bridge, or denture, to replace your missing teeth and restore your bite and smile


If you are looking for the best periodontal care in Nigeria, look no further than Smile 360 Dental Specialists. We are the experts in diagnosing, preventing, and treating periodontal disease, and we can help you restore your oral health and confidence. Don’t let periodontal disease ruin your smile and your health. Contact us today to schedule your appointment and get started on your journey to a healthier and happier smile. You can call us at 0800-360-0000, email us at to learn more about our services and offers.

We look forward to hearing from you and serving you with excellence and professionalism. Remember, your smile is our passion!