Healthy gums are the foundation of a healthy smile. While we often focus on keeping our teeth pearly white, neglecting our gums can have serious consequences for our oral and overall health. We are committed to promoting optimal oral health and this informative guide explores the importance of periodontal care, empowering you to maintain healthy gums and a radiant smile.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a progressive infection that affects the gum tissue and bone supporting your teeth. It’s caused by a buildup of plaque, a sticky film containing bacteria, at the gumline. If left untreated, plaque hardens into tartar (calculus), which can further irritate the gums and lead to serious complications.

Stages of Periodontal Disease:

  1. Gingivitis: The earliest stage of gum disease, characterized by inflammation, redness, and bleeding gums. Proper oral hygiene practices can reverse gingivitis at this stage.
  2. Periodontitis: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. This stage involves the breakdown of gum tissue and bone, potentially leading to tooth loss.

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease:

  • Poor oral hygiene: Brushing and flossing inadequately allows plaque to accumulate and irritate the gums.
  • Smoking: Smoking weakens the immune system’s ability to fight gum infections.
  • Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can make it harder for the body to fight infections, including gum disease.
  • Family history: Some individuals are more genetically predisposed to developing gum disease.
  • Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, puberty, and menopause can increase susceptibility to gum disease.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Bleeding gums
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

Importance of Periodontal Care

Periodontal care is crucial for maintaining healthy gums and preventing gum disease. Healthy gums provide a strong foundation for your teeth and contribute to a healthy smile. Furthermore, research suggests a link between gum disease and other health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.


Effective Periodontal Care Practices:

  1. Maintain a consistent oral hygiene routine: Brushing twice daily for two minutes with a soft-bristled toothbrush and flossing daily are essential for removing plaque and bacteria at the gumline.
  2. Schedule regular dental checkups and cleanings: Professional cleanings remove hardened plaque (tartar) that brushing and flossing alone cannot reach. Regular dental visits allow for early detection and treatment of gum disease.
  3. Consider using an electric toothbrush: Studies suggest electric toothbrushes may be more effective than manual toothbrushes at removing plaque.
  4. Maintain a healthy diet: Limit sugary and acidic foods that can contribute to plaque buildup.
  5. Manage stress: Chronic stress can worsen gum disease. Explore stress-reduction techniques such as yoga or meditation.
  6. Don’t smoke: Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your oral and overall health.

Schedule an Appointment Today!

At Smile 360 Dental Specialists, we offer a comprehensive range of periodontal care services in Abuja, Nigeria. Our experienced and gentle team is dedicated to helping you achieve and maintain optimal gum health. We offer:

  • Periodontal examinations and assessments
  • Dental cleanings and scaling
  • Treatment for gingivitis and periodontitis
  • Advanced periodontal procedures (if necessary)

Taking care of your gums is vital for a healthy smile and overall well-being. Contact our dental office in Abuja or Lagos today to schedule an appointment and discuss your periodontal care needs.

Smile with confidence – take care of your gums!